Tom Lauck’s

A Simple Modal – Redux


Over a year ago I walked through an example of creating the basic foundation for a modal window using jQuery.  The goal was simplicity, minimalism, and flexibility to add-on functionality as needed.

As stated at the outset, this post was meant to illustrate a bare bones and simple example of a modal window. If you wanted to extend the functionality for example, it would be quite simple to [...] suit needs.

Last Year’s A Simple Modal Post

The example was well received in feedback from readers, and there was some constructive criticism as well. Equal to the amount of people that appreciated the minimalistic approach were requests from readers to support IE6, forms, and a host of other odds and ends.  Some readers had some useful feedback for features and additions that I purposefully did not include in an effort to keep things basic.

Therefore, I thought there was a nice opportunity to revisit the basic modal window script and make it a bit more comprehensive in an effort to suit the needs and requests of the aforementioned readers.  So before we get into the code, lets outline some things that have changed:

  • Converted for use as a jQuery plugin.
  • Added IE6 compatibility
  • Added Opera compatibility
  • Added ability to fade in and out
  • Added multiple ways of setting parameters
  • Added multiple content types (‘image’ and ‘iframe’)

View Example | Download Source

The Plugin

(function ($) {

	* Ex:
	* var _settings = {
	* 	id: 'modal',
	* 	src: function(sender){
	*		return jQuery(sender).attr('href');
	*	},
	* 	width: 800,
	* 	height: 600
	* }
	var _settings = {
		width: 800, // Use this value if not set in CSS or HTML
		height: 600, // Use this value if not set in CSS or HTML
		overlayOpacity: .85, // Use this value if not set in CSS or HTML
		id: 'modal',
		src: function (sender) {
			return jQuery(sender).attr('href');
		fadeInSpeed: 0,
		fadeOutSpeed: 0

	$.modal = function (options) {
		return _modal(this, options);
	$ = function () {;
	$.modal.close = function () {
	$.fn.modal = function (options) {
		return _modal(this, options);
	_modal = function (sender, params) {
		this.options = {
			parent: null,
			overlayOpacity: null,
			id: null,
			content: null,
			width: null,
			height: null,
			modalClassName: null,
			imageClassName: null,
			closeClassName: null,
			overlayClassName: null,
			src: null
		this.options = $.extend({}, options, _defaults);
		this.options = $.extend({}, options, _settings);
		this.options = $.extend({}, options, params);
		this.close = function () {
			jQuery('.' + options.modalClassName + ', .' + options.overlayClassName).fadeOut(_settings.fadeOutSpeed, function () { jQuery(this).unbind().remove(); });
		} = function () {
			if (typeof options.src == 'function') {
				options.src = options.src(sender)
			} else {
				options.src = options.src || _defaults.src(sender);

			var fileExt = /^.+\.((jpg)|(gif)|(jpeg)|(png)|(jpg))$/i;
			var contentHTML = '';
			if (fileExt.test(options.src)) {
				contentHTML = '<div class="' + options.imageClassName + '"><img src="' + options.src + '"/></div>';

			} else {
				contentHTML = '<iframe width="' + options.width + '" height="' + options.height + '" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" allowtransparency="true" src="' + options.src + '"></iframe>';
			options.content = options.content || contentHTML;

			if (jQuery('.' + options.modalClassName).length && jQuery('.' + options.overlayClassName).length) {
				jQuery('.' + options.modalClassName).html(options.content);
			} else {
				$overlay = jQuery((_isIE6()) ? '<iframe src="BLOCKED SCRIPT\'<html></html>\';" scrolling="no" frameborder="0" class="' + options.overlayClassName + '"></iframe><div class="' + options.overlayClassName + '"></div>' : '<div class="' + options.overlayClassName + '"></div>');

				$modal = jQuery('<div id="' + + '" class="' + options.modalClassName + '" style="width:' + options.width + 'px; height:' + options.height + 'px; margin-top:-' + (options.height / 2) + 'px; margin-left:-' + (options.width / 2) + 'px;">' + options.content + '</div>');

				$close = jQuery('<a class="' + options.closeClassName + '"></a>');

				var overlayOpacity = _getOpacity($overlay.not('iframe')) || options.overlayOpacity;
				$overlay.fadeTo(0, 0).show().not('iframe').fadeTo(_settings.fadeInSpeed, overlayOpacity);

				$ () { jQuery.modal().close(); });
				$ () { jQuery.modal().close(); });
		return this;
	_isIE6 = function () {
		if (document.all && document.getElementById) {
			if (document.compatMode && !window.XMLHttpRequest) {
				return true;
		return false;
	_getOpacity = function (sender) {
		$sender = jQuery(sender);
		opacity = $sender.css('opacity');
		filter = $sender.css('filter');

		if (filter.indexOf("opacity=") >= 0) {
			return parseFloat(filter.match(/opacity=([^)]*)/)[1]) / 100;
		else if (opacity != '') {
			return opacity;
		return '';
	_defaults = {
		parent: 'body',
		overlayOpacity: 85,
		id: 'modal',
		content: null,
		width: 800,
		height: 600,
		modalClassName: 'modal-window',
		imageClassName: 'modal-image',
		closeClassName: 'close-window',
		overlayClassName: 'modal-overlay',
		src: function (sender) {
			return jQuery(sender).attr('href');

As you can see, quite a bit has changed – which is not necessarily a bad thing.  There is now tighter integration with jQuery and more out of the box configuration ability as a result.

Adding Some Style

.modal-overlay {
	position: fixed;
	top: 0;
	right: 0;
	bottom: 0;
	left: 0;
	height: 100%;
	width: 100%;
	margin: 0;
	padding: 0;
	background: #131313;
	opacity: .85;
	filter: alpha(opacity=85);
	z-index: 101;
.modal-window {
	position: fixed;
	top: 50%;
	left: 50%;
	margin: 0;
	padding: 0;
	z-index: 102;
	background: #fff;
	border: solid 8px #000;
	-moz-border-radius: 8px;
	-webkit-border-radius: 8px;
.close-window {
	position: absolute;
	width: 47px;
	height: 47px;
	right: -23px;
	top: -23px;
	background: transparent url(../images/close-button.png) no-repeat scroll right top;
	text-indent: -99999px;
	overflow: hidden;
	cursor: pointer;


<a href="modal.html" onclick="$(this).modal({width:833, height:453}).open(); return false;">Modal iFrame</a>
<a href="images/your-image.jpg" onclick="$(this).modal({width:500, height:375}).open(); return false;">Modal Image</a>

Although a little more weight has been added to the script itself, the implementation is more flexible and can be used with just about any jQuery chain – whether its onclick, a document being loaded, you name it.  There is also an added ability to set parameters in your area of choosing – inside the CSS, in the plugin itself, or in the method call or jQuery chain object.

Moving Forward

So if you are looking for something extra simple, head on over to last years post and in the meantime enjoy the added functionality with this updated example.

View Example | Download Source

Oct 21 2009

A Simple Modal


Updated – Version Available

A Simple Modal – Redux

[See a demo here]

Modal windows seem to be the rage these days and somewhat synonymous with “Web 2.0.” And yes, options exist, whether it be Lightbox, Thickbox, or .NET AJAX — to name a few. Recently, Facebox has emerged as a very promising contender. The aforementioned plugins/widgets have proven their usefulness to many developers during their life course. In fact they one might even go so far as to deem “standard” to the plugin of choice.

Yet, what if a scenario arises where you do not need such full featured capability? After all, most of the plugins out there come with their own CSS along with the JavaScript. This is not to say that CSS wouldn’t be necessary if one were to create a homegrown solution. The fact remains that their is still integration work involved.

Therefore, my aim in this post is to illustrate a simple example of leveraging the jQuery framework to create a simple iFrame modal window. Of course a polished plugin will be more robust, however, robust is at times overkill. It is at that point where simplicity comes into play and thus the forthcoming example.

Defining the Basics

First we create an object in JavaScript to encapsulate some core methods and properties that we could potentially reuse.

var modalWindow = {
		var modal = "";
		modal += "<div class=\"modal-overlay\"></div>";
		modal += "<div id=\"" + this.windowId + "\" class=\"modal-window\" style=\"width:" + this.width + "px; height:" + this.height + "px; margin-top:-" + (this.height / 2) + "px; margin-left:-" + (this.width / 2) + "px;\">";
		modal += this.content;
		modal += "</div>";	


		$(".modal-window").append("<a class=\"close-window\"></a>");

Notice that only three CSS classes need to be defined, “.modal-window”, “.modal-overlay”, and “.close-window”. Because of the fact that we are trying to keep things simple, I’ve decided not to check to null’s in required properties (windowId, content, width, height).

Basic Design

Next the three classes from above need to be defined. The “.modal-overlay” class is the layer that covers the current view and serves as a backdrop for the modal window. “.modal-window” is obviously the window itself. In this case, the modal-window class is very generic since we will rely on the styling in the transparent iFrame for design. Lastly, I chose to implement a close graphic which is displayed using the “.close-window” class. Again, this is very basic.

	filter: alpha(opacity=75);
	-moz-opacity: 0.75;
	background:transparent url('/examples/modal-simple/close-button.png') no-repeat scroll right top;
	filter: alpha(opacity=50);
	-moz-opacity: 0.5;
	filter: alpha(opacity=99);
	-moz-opacity: 0.99;

The Grand Opening

Now that we have set some basic styles and defined our core functionality, we can open a new modal window to display our iframe.

var openMyModal = function(source)
	modalWindow.windowId = "myModal";
	modalWindow.width = 480;
	modalWindow.height = 405;
	modalWindow.content = "<iframe width='480' height='405' frameborder='0' scrolling='no' allowtransparency='true' src='" + source + "'></iframe>";;


<a href="/example/modal-simple/modal.html" target="_blank" onclick="openMyModal('/example/modal-simple/modal.html'); return false;">Click here to open</a>

Implementation is simple, just make a call to the method created earlier with the source of the modal window.

Beyond Simple ‘Modaling’

As stated at the outset, this post was meant to illustrate a bare bones and simple example of a modal window. If you wanted to extend the functionality for example, it would be quite simple to create more “openMyModal” methods to suit needs. So if Facebox or Thickbox are too much for your application, why not try the simple approach?

Updated – Version Available

A Simple Modal – Redux

Apr 25 2008

Desktop Application Style (Full Page Height) Fluid CSS Layout


For those of you who just want the source code, I’ll cut right to the chase. View the demo.

Now for the explanation.

For a recent project, the design spec dictated a fluid layout. Normally, this would be no problem, however, in this scenario there was a footer that always needed to be pinned to the bottom of the page content did not extend very far.

Rather than pinning the footer to the bottom of the page absolutely, I wanted to footer to scroll with the content when the content was long enough to create browser scrollbars. Rather than create JavaScript to position things onResize or scroll, I opted to create a 100% CSS/XHTML layout that accomplished exactly what I wanted.

Although the outcome is not as lean as I would like, but in the end it gets the job done well. What more can I really ask for?

Nov 3 2007

Semantic Headers and Menus (CSS of Course)


UPDATE: I’ve since rethought the implications of this post and I wanted to add that using h1 as the company name is the right choice is certain scenarios. I simply wished to provide an alternate method.

First it has been a very long time since my last post. My excuse is that I moved…and I’ve been a bit lazy. I felt the need to address a topic that seems to have been brought up to me several times over past couple weeks: CSS site navigation.

When structuring and styling menus, a definition list (dl) should be used for the site title and navigation.

The first roadblock some have with this method is that they feel the h1 tag must be used for the site title. However, using the h1 for the site title (or company name in many cases) is redundant. Your h1 (although many web builders view it improperly as a semantic whore and over use it), has great value in SEO. Because the h1 is suppossedly the most important content on a specific page, why would one waste it something like Widgets, Inc. when it could be used for maybe a content rich headline: Widgets Inc Provides Solutions for All Widgets Manufacturers. I thought the following experience was very valuable

As I observed a blind web user navigate through a few pages, he reported that hearing the h1 content on top of the page was boring and redundant for him. Because his screen reader read the content of the title element first, the title element served as the actual title of the document for him, and the h1—which merely repeated the content of the title element—was useless.

ALA – October 09, 2006 – Working with Others: Accessibility and User Research”

If a blind human and his screen reading software sees the h1 used as the site title as redundant, I wonder how it impacts how a search engines screen reader views your site’s content. Clearly, using the dt instead of the h1 for the site title is not a bad thing whatsoever.

Secondly, if you look at the meaning of a definition list you will see that it fits perfectly with the notion that you are defining your site and there direct relationship between the items (navigation). And to reiterate the advantage of not using h1 for your site name, the site navigation is now minimized along with the site name – since both are redundant and not content rich.

Lastly, stlyling your header is now a breeze. And your html structure won’t give you indigestion due to enclosing your site name, navigation, and possibly one other element (perhaps search) in a wrapping div.

Here is the markup for your reference (or view a mockup page). Using this method, you can easily create dropdown menus by nesting another unordered list (ul) inside of the list item (after the anchor tag).

<dl class="sitedefinition">
	<dt><a href="/">Company Name, LLC</a></dt>
			<li><a href="/company/">Company</a></li>
			<li><a href="/solutions/">Solutions</a></li>
			<li><a href="/strategy/">Strategy</a></li>
			<li><a href="/clients/">Clients</a></li>
			<li><a href="/partners/">Partners</a></li>
			<li><a href="/contact/">Contact</a></li>
			<li><a href="/">Home</a></li>

Sep 27 2007

Transparent PNGs in Every Browser


If you don’t want to use JavaScript or create a 24-bit and an 8-bit PNG in order to accommodate all browsers (mainly IE 5.5 – 6), you can use Microsoft’s handy Dx Attribute as filter in your CSS.

The drawback is that you have to create a separate style sheet for browsers greater than IE 5.5 and less than IE 7.

For example, if you need to use a transparency for a site’s logo, you may do something like:

<style type="text/css">
	background: url(img/button.png) no-repeat center center;
	height: 126px;
	width: 190px;

.logo a
	display: block;
	overflow: hidden;
	/*setting a width breaks link area for PC IE 5*/ ;   width/**/: 190px; /*\*//*/   width: 190px;   /**/ ;
	height: 126px;
	text-indent: -90000px;
.logo a:hover
	background-color: transparent;

<!--[if gte IE 5.5]>< ![if lt IE 7]>
<style type="text/css">
	background-image: url();
.logo a
	filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(src=\'img/button.png\',sizingMethod=\'image\');
< ![endif]>< ![endif]-->

MSDN has a library of some of the possibilities (not new by any means), but helpful nonetheless.

Jun 20 2007